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SEVEN CELTIC NATIONS                                          
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These Celtic nations are territories in Northwest Europe in which that area's own Celtic languages and cultural traits have survived. The term "nation" is used in this context to mean a generally defined region that is associated with a common identity, language or culture. It is not synonymous with "sovereign state", but rather with traditional territories or "countries".




Brittany
occupies a large peninsula in the northwest of in the north west of France, lying between the English Channel to the north and the Bay of Biscay to the south.

   Motto:  "Rather death than dishonor"

   Breton Population (Est.):  4,365,500




Cornwall
was first inhabited in the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic  periods. It continued to be occupied by Neolithic and then Bronze Age peoples, and later (in the Iron Age) by Celts. 

Forming the tip of the south-western peninsula of Great Britain, it is bordered to the north and west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the English Channel, and to the east by the county of Devon, over the River Tamar.

   Motto:  "One and all"

   Cornish Population (Est.):  534,300





Galicia an autonomous community and historic region, in northwest Spain, with the status of a historic nationality, and descends from one of the first tribes of Celtic heritage in Europe, the Kingdom of Galicia. 

   Galician Population (Est.):  2,796,089





Ireland lies to the northwest of continental Europe and is surrounded by hundreds of islands and islets.  The island is divided between the Republic of Ireland to the south, and Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom.  Just 7 miles to the east of Ireland is Scotland, separated from it by the Irish Sea. 

   Irish Population (Est.):  6,197,100




Isle of Man
is a self-governing British Crown Dependency, located in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.
It's people are known as "Manx".

  Motto:  "
Whithersoever you throw it, it will stand"

  Manx Population (Est.):  80,085 




Scotland
occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain.  It shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest. In addition to the mainland, Scotland includes over 790 islands.  It's people are know as Scots as opposed to it's famous export, Scotch Whisky.

  Motto:  "
In my defense God me defend"

  Scottish Population (Est.):  5,194,000




Wales
is part of the United Kingdom, bordered by England to its east and the Atlantic Ocean and Irish Sea to its west. 
 
  Motto:  "
Wales forever"

  Welsh Population (Est.): 2,999,300 

 Source:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celtic_nations



The Celts in Europe, past and present:

    
 areas where Celtic languages are widely spoken

     the most commonly recognised 'Celtic nations' 

     max Celtic expansion, by the 3rd century BC

     core Hallstatt territory, by the 6th century BC
 
CELTIC HOLIDAYS

The Celtic New Year Begins November 1st
Check our Celtic Calendar for local events!!

October 31 to November 1 
  Samhain (sow-een) (Ireland/Scotland)
  Hop-tu-nuaa (Isle of Man)
 
November 5
  Guy Fawkes Night (Scotland)

November 30
   St. Andrew's Day (Scotland)

December 21 (First day of Winter)
  Yule (yew-elle)

December 26
  Mummer's Day (Cornwall)

December 31
  Hogmanay (Scotland)

January 6
  Celebration of Epiphany (Brittany)

January 25
  Supper celebration of Robert Burns (Scotland)

February 1 (Evolved to Groundhog Day)
  Imbolc (ihm-olk)
  (Also) Feast of St. Brigid (Ireland)

March 1
  St. David's Day (Wales)

March 17
  St. Patrick's Day (Ireland)

March 21 (First day of Spring)
  Ostara

April 6
  National Tartan Day (United States)

April 30 to May 1 
  Beltaine (Gaelic:  "May")
  May Day (Ireland/Isle of Man/Scotland/Wales)

May 19
  Feast of St Yves (Brittany)

June 21 (First day of Summer)
  Litha

July 25
  Dia de Santiago (Galicia)

August 1 
  Lughnasadh (Gaelic:  "August")

August 3
  Romeria Vikinga

September 21 (First day of Autumn)
  Mabon